Heads Tutorial Part III: Basic Construction
So to the left we have my simplified versions of the skull and the muscles of the face. These are pretty much notes on all the important lines and planes of the face that would be pretty much universal. I have them pretty much burned into my memory and these are what I always try to be mindful of these guidelines while drawing, but I don’t actually draw these.
That’s what’s on the right. These are the basic construction lines that show my approach when I’m actually drawing characters. Note that when I draw these the lines are light and quick. If you are having trouble drawing circles and lines, I recommend just taking a whole page of drawing nothing but lines, curves, and circles. These will be nonsense scribbles but just remember that this will loosen up and train your hand for making these motions which will make it easier for when you’re drawing actual characters.
So on to the actual drawing
1) I start off with a sphere. You may say circle, but no, it’s a sphere with three axes. Remember to try to think in three dimensions. The axes will help you with knowing where the center of the face is, where the eyes go, and where the ears go.
2) On the sphere I draw a shape that represents the jaw. Where the jaw connects to the head is the center of the side of the head, so I’ll just extend that axis beyond the sphere. Also at this point I make a new curve that extends to the edge of the I do the same on the face of the sphere to help determine the placement of features of the nose and mouth.
3) This is where those mental guidelines really start helping me figure where to place other guidelines on the face to start placing some shapes for the features. On the horizontal axis is where you place the eyes. The center of the face is generally where the bridge of the nose extends and it goes about all the way down to the edge of the sphere. The mouth generally goes at the mid point between where the nose ends and where the chin ends. I’ve also placed a few guidelines for cutting off the sides of the sphere (since our heads aren’t round) and the brow lines.